The hemp plant has an extensive range of cannabinoids in it, such us: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Cannabidiol (CBD), Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabichromene (CBC), Cannabinol (CBN), etc. Recent studies have hooked up on one of the cannabinoids - Cannabigerol (CBG), which is the most expensive cannabinoid to produce.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is one of the natural compounds found in the cannabis plant except for well known CBD and THC. It might be the essential compound because it's often related to "the mother of cannabinoids" or cannabinoids' ancestor. It has an active role in the formulation of the other cannabinoids in the plant.
One way to obtain CBG rich extract is to harvest the plant much earlier than the plant will reach its full maturity. Another way to get more CBG rich extract is to crossbreed the plants and optimize them for CBG production, which might be risky and challenging.
CBG vs CBD
CBG and CBD are both derived from cannabigerolic acid and have many similarities, but they are very different cannabinoids.
Both have a similar impact on the endocannabinoid system and share a broad area of similar potential benefits. CBD and CBG are non-psychoactive. According to several studies, both cannabinoids connect with the same receptors in the body and can have an anti-inflammatory effect. Also, CBG can more directly and effectively interact with many different receptors in our bodies than CBD. Both interfere with the psychotropic effects of THC. It means that they can help to reduce the feeling of "high." Also, various studies show that these cannabinoids engage in the entourage effect. When they are applied together, they magnify the beneficial effects of each other.
Benefits Of CBG
CBG has an advantage over CBD - it is the way it communicates with the endocannabinoid system. CBD has a limited ability to interact with the brain's cannabinoid receptors instantly. But CBG can directly bind with those receptors and provide a more immediate effect on the endocannabinoid system. Although there is still minimal research on CBG, the studies show that using CBG can positively influence appetite loss, inflammatory bowel disease, bladder dysfunctions, glaucoma, bacterial infections, Huntington's disease, cancer. CBG is still under research, and there is still much to be learned about it, and there is no specific information about its potential side effects. From earlier research on CBD, it seems that CBG has low toxicity, appears to be easily tolerated, and there have not been any notable side effects if it is consumed in average doses.